Leukocyte p53 protein biosignature through standard-aligned two-dimensional immunoblotting
Peripheral leukocytes may reflect systemic disease and stress states through their gene expression profile. Subsequent protein analyses of leukocytes are hypothesized to provide essential information regarding systemic diseases.
We have developed a protein biosignature analysis of the tumour suppressor and cell stress sensor p53 based on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting, and utilize fluorescently labelled reference standards to significantly improve the alignment and comparison of biosignatures, including full-length p53 and isoforms p53β and p53γ. Analysis of the p53 biosignatures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 526 healthy individuals and 65 acute myeloid leukaemia patients indicated a novel putative p53 protein variant in a subset of individuals (227 of 526 healthy tested). The p53 variant was more distinct in the reference standard aligned biosignatures of healthy individuals, compared to the non-standard aligned leukaemia biosignatures. This approximately 2 kDa heavier variant of p53 appeared with similar frequency in leukemic and healthy test persons, without coinciding with known splice forms or post-translational modifications of p53. We propose that a standardized leukocyte protein biosignature of p53 provides a powerful research tool and indicate how p53 protein biosignatures may be used in future diagnostics.
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Integrated omics.